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References & Resources



CHAPTER III. Living with the Enemy

"1992 United States presidential election in Montana." Wikipedia. Available at: (Accessed September 24, 2020).

"2000 United States presidential election in Montana." Wikipedia. Available at: (Accessed September 24, 2020).

"2008 United States presidential election in Montana." Wikipedia. Available at: (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Davey, Monica. "In Rust Belt, Voters Driven by Despair." The New York TimesNovember 5, 2008, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

"Election 2016: Exit Polls." The New York Times, November 8, 2016, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

"How Groups Voted in 2008." Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, 2008, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Levitz, Eric. "New 2016 Autopsies: It Was the Obama-Trump Voters, in the Rust Belt, With the Economic Anxiety." New York Magazine, May 2, 2017, (Accessed September 24, 2020).


Phillips, Steve. "What About White Voters?"Center for American Progress, February 5, 2016, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Weigel, David. "How voters who heavily supported Obama switched over to Trump." The Washington PostNovember 10, 2016, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

CHAPTER II. Our Distorted Reality

"Blind Men and an Elephant." Wikipedia. Available at: (Accessed: September 24, 2020).

Groeger, Lena, "Making Sense of the World, Several Senses at a Time," Scientific American, February 28, 2012, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Kuhn, Gustav, "Tricking the Brain: How Magic Works," The Conversation, March 29, 2016, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

TheDavidCopperfield1. (December 1, 2010). David Copperfield - Vanishing the Statue of Liberty. YouTube. (Accessed September 24, 2020).

CHAPTER IV:  What the Hell is Going On?

Sullivan, Andrew. "When Racism Is Fit to Print." New York Magazine, August 3, 2018, (Accessed September 24, 2020).


Yam, Kimberly. "Number Of Multiracial, Multiethnic Babies Has Tripled In 35 Years: Report." HuffPost, June 16 2017, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

CHAPTER V:  We Elect Excellent Sheep to Run Our Country — and the World

Alexander, Dan. "How Bill And Hillary Clinton Made $240 Million In The Last 15 Years." Forbes, March 8, 2016, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Anderson, Nick. "Surge In Foreign Students Might Be Crowding Americans Out Of Elite Colleges."Hartford Courant, December 27, 2016,

Babcock, Charles R."Clintons' Net Worth Climbs to $700,000." The Washington Post, May 28, 1992, (Accessed September 24, 2020). 

Davis, Pete. "Our Bicentennial Crisis: A Call to Action for Harvard Law School’s Public Interest Mission."The Harvard Law Record, October 26, 2017, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Deresewicz, William. Excellent Sheep: The Miseducation of the American Elite and the Way to a Meaningful Life, Free Press, 2015.

Eisinger, Jesse. "Why Only One Top Banker Went to Jail for the Financial Crisis." The New York Times Magazine, April 30, 2014, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

"Geithner Apologizes For Not Paying Taxes." CBS News, January 21,  2009, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Higham, Scott and Keating, Dan. "Rep. Bachus Faces Insider-Trading Investigation."The Washington Post, February 9, 2012, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Hoffower, Hillary. "The Obamas Are Worth At Least $40 million — Take a Look at How They Make and Spend Their Money."Business Insider, August 4, 2020, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Hoffower, Hillary. "The Obamas Are Worth 30 Times More Than When They Entered the White House." Financial Review, September 12, 2018, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

"Intelligentsia."Wikipedia. Available at: (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Kaplan, Harold. "Beyond Freedom and Dignity, by B. F. Skinner."CommentaryFebruary 1972, September 24, 2020).

Martin, Adam. "Rep. Spencer Bachus Facing Insider Trading Ethics Probe." The Atlantic, February 10, 2012, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

"Middle Class Played Big Role in Egypt's Revolution, But Not Entirely Satisfied With Result."The World, May 23, 2012, (Accessed September 24, 2020).


"Share of international students in the Ivy League Class of 2023." Statista, September 18, 2019, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

"Signers of the Declaration of Independence." U.S. Constitution, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

"Some Colleges Have More Students From the Top 1 Percent Than the Bottom 60. Find Yours." The New York Times, January 18, 2017, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Vincent, Isabel. "The Obamas are ‘Becoming’ a billion-dollar brand." New York Post, November 17, 2018, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Wong, Edward, Rosenberg, Matthew, and Barnes, Julian E. "Chinese Agents Helped Spread Messages That Sowed Virus Panic in U.S., Officials Say." The New York Times, August 23, 2020, September 24, 2020).

Ydstie, John. "Geithner Apologizes For Unpaid Tax." National Public Radio, January 21, 2009, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Zapler, Mike. "Bachus Cleared After Insider Trading Probe." PoliticoApril 30, 2012, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

CHAPTER VI. Elites Control the Media That Distract Us From the Bigger Picture

"Acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney." Wikipedia. Available at: (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Alpert, Lukas I. "Comcast Invests $200 Million in Vox Media, Valuing Digital Media Company at $1 Billion."MarketWatch, August 12, 2015, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Anderson, Mae. "Disney Closes $71 Billion Deal for 21st Century Fox — and It's Likely to Shake Up the Media Landscape." March 19, 2019, September 24, 2020).

Bagdikian, Ben H. The New Media Monopoly, Beacon Press, 2004.

Denning, Stephanie. "Why Jeff Bezos Bought The Washington Post." Forbes, September 19, 2018, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Finley, Klint. "A Brief History of the End of Comments." Wired, October 8, 2015, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Gold, Hadas and Schneider, Jessica."AT&T completes acquisition of Time Warner." CNN Business, June 14, 2018, September 24, 2020).

"Hydroxychloroquine," Full Measure with Sharyl Attkisson, May 17, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

James, Meg and Chang, Andrea. "Patrick Soon-Shiong — Immigrant, Doctor, Billionaire, and Soon, Newspaper Owner — Starts a New Era at the L.A. Times." Los Angeles Times, April 14, 2018, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Kennedy, Dan. "Despite Ongoing Losses, John Henry Insists That The Boston Globe Is Not For Sale."WGBH News, July 25, 2018, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Keys, Matthew. "CNN Falls Behind HGTV in Prime Time Ratings." The Desk, February 6, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Kharpal, Arjun. "Verizon Completes Its $4.48 Billion Acquisition of Yahoo; Marissa Mayer Leaves with $23 Million." CNBC, June 13, 2017, September 24, 2020).

Levine, Jon. "YouTube Censors Epidemiologist Knut Wittkowski for Lpposing lockdown." New York Post, May 16, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Levy, Alison Rose. "The Incredible Belief That Corporate Ownership Does Not Influence Media Content."Common Dreams, September 17, 2019, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

"Mortimer Zuckerman." Wikipedia. Available at: (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Shah, Anup, "Media Conglomerates, Mergers, Concentration of Ownership." Global Issues, January 2, 2009, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Martinčević, Irena. "Charting America's Most Profitable Companies." Understanding Money, July 12, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Molla, Rani and Kafka, Peter. "Here’s Who Owns Everything in Big Media Today."Vox, December 5, 2019, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

O'Donnell, Carl. "Fauci Warns COVID-19 Vaccine May Be Only Partially Effective, Public Health Measures Still Needed." Reuters, August 7, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Robertson, Adi. "Social Media Bias Lawsuits Keep Failing in Court." The Verge, May 27, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Schwartz, Matthew S. "Disney Officially Owns 21st Century Fox." National Public Radio, March 20, 2019, September 24, 2020).

Snider, Mike. "Warren Buffett and Berkshire Hathaway to Sell Its Newspapers to Lee Enterprises for $140 Million." USA Today, January 29, 2020, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

"The Newsweek Daily Beast Company."Wikipedia. Available at: (Accessed September 24, 2020).

Thompson, Derek. "How to Survive the Media Apocalypse." The Atlantic, November 29, 2017, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

"Walt Disney buys Murdoch's Fox for $52bn."BBC News, December 14, 2017, September 24, 2020).

"What Rupert Murdoch's Life is Really Like: How the Mogul Grew His Media Empire and $7.35 Billion Fortune, Weathered Scandal, and Became Engrained in International Politics." Business Insider, August 11, 2019, (Accessed September 24, 2020).

CHAPTER VII. Excellent Sheep in Media Shape Our Reality

“All These Local News Anchors Repeat The Exact Same Phrase.” Huffpost, Comedy, December 17, 2013, (Accessed September 27, 2020)

Andrews, Edmund L. “Media Consolidation Means Less Local News, More Right Wing Slant.” Stanford Business Graduate School, June 30, 2019, (Accessed September 27, 2020)

Arrends, Brett, "The News Media is Even Worse Thank You Think." Marketwatch, May 12, 2013, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Attkisson, Sharyl. Stonewalled: My Fight for Truth Against the Forces of Obstruction, Intimidation, and Harassment in Obama's Washington, Harper Paperbacks, 2015.

“Borg.” Wikipedia. Available (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Deadspin. (April 2, 2019). Sinclair's Soldiers in Trump's War on Media. YouTube. (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Dreyfuss, Emily. “Want to Make a Lie Seem True? Say It Again. And Again. And Again.” Wired, February 11, 2017, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Farhi, Paul. “A Local TV Trend: And Now, The Identical News.” The Washington Post, November 27, 2012, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Hines, Ree. "Immigration News? Ooh, Yeah: Jimmy Fallon and Brian Williams Slow Jam on 'Tonight'." Today, December 3, 2014, (Accessed September 27 2020).

Harkinson, Josh. “Ever Wonder Why Your Local TV News Stations Run the Same Damn Stories?” Mother Jones, April 4, 2014, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Mance, Henry. "TV’s Talking Heads: Who Are They and Why Do We Need Them?"Financial Times, November 20, 2015, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Martin, Gregory J. and McCrain, Joshua. “Local News and National Politics.” American Political Science Review, vol.113, Issue 2, pp. 372-384, 2019, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Mitchell, Amy et al. “Pathways to News,” Pew Research Center: Journalism & Media, July 7, 2016, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

O'Connell, Brian. "Who Are the Highest-Paid News Anchors?" The StreetFebruary 14, 2020, September 27, 2020).

Pekary, Ariana. "Personal News: Why I Am Now Leaving MSNBC."August 3, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

"Self-Censorship: How Often and Why," Pew Research Center: U.S. Politics and Policy, April 30, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Team Coco. (November 6, 2012) Newscasters Agree: Salty Campaign Final Days Edition – Conan on TBS. (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Weiss, Bari, Resignation Letter (Accessed September 27, 2020).

“Why we are more likely to believe that something is true if it is repeated to us enough times,” The Decision Lab (italicized), (Accessed September 27, 2020).

CHAPTER VIII. U.S. Elections Are Descents Into Insanity

Confessore, Nicholas, Cohen, Sarah, and Yourish, Karen. "The Families Funding the 2016 Presidential Election." The New York Times, October 10, 2015, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

"The Distribution of Wealth in the United States and Implications for a Net Worth Tax." Washington Center for Equitable Growth, March 21, 2019, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Savage, Luke. "America Is an Oligarchy. It Doesn’t Have to Be." Jacobin, February 25, 2019, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Gilens, ​Martin and Page, Benjamin I. "Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens." Perspectives on PoliticsAmerican Political Science Association, Vol. 12, Issue 3, September 18, 2014, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Kreps, Daniel. "Jimmy Carter: U.S. Is an ‘Oligarchy With Unlimited Political Bribery.'"Rolling Stone, July 31, 2015,

"Party Affiliation," Gallup Poll Historical Trends, The Gallup Organization, September 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020). 

CHAPTER IX.  Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Final Message To America

King, Jr. Martin Luther. "Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos Or Community?" Beacon Press, January 1, 2010.

Lubrano, Alfred. "Rate of Births to White Single Moms Accelerates." Philadelphia Inquirer, November 12, 2018, (Accessed September 27, 2020).


Sawhill, Isabel V. "Family Structure: The Growing Importance of Class." Brookings, January 16, 2013, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Bernstein, Jared. "The Black-White Unemployment Gap is at an All-Time Low. Here’s How to Keep it There." The Washington Post, July 13, 2017, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

"The Untold Story: Why Middle-Aged White People Are Dying At Higher Rates." Commonwealth Fund, February 8, 2016, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Zakaria, Fareed. "America’s Self-Destructive Whites." Washington Post, December 31, 2015, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

"Family Income Advances, Poverty Reduced in 1967." Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 55, August 5, 1968, U.S. Census Bureau, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Fremstad, Shawn. "The Official U.S. Poverty Rate is Based on a Hopelessly Out-of-Date Metric."The Washington Post, September 16, 2019, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Dellinger, Drew. "The Last March of Martin Luther King Jr." The Atlantic, April 4, 2018, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Poor People's Campaign. In The Encyclopedia Brittanica. Retrieved from (Accessed September 27, 2020).

CHAPTER X. We Can’t Breathe

United States Census Bureau, Quick Facts Montana Table. July 1, 2019, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Talk Poverty, Montana 2019, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Monaghan, Angela. “US Wealth Inequality – Top 0.1% Worth As Much As the Bottom 90%,” The Guardian, November 13, 2014, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Ingraham, Christopher. “Wealth Concentration Returning to ‘Levels Last Seen During the Roaring Twenties,’ According to New Research,” The Washington Post, February 8, 2019, (Accessed September 27, 2020).


Anderson, Lynne. “Study: US Cities Have Worse Inequality than Mexico, with Rich and Poor Living Side by Side,” The Conversation, June 1, 2017, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

McCarthy, Niall. “U.S. Billionaire Wealth Surged Since The Start Of The Pandemic,” Forbes, June 22, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

“Report on the Economic Well-Being of U.S. Households in 2017,” Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, May 2018, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Pesce, Nicole Lyn. “55% of Businesses Closed on Yelp Have Shut Down For Good During the Coronavirus Pandemic,” MarketWatch, July 22, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Kulish, Nicholas. “‘Never Seen Anything Like It’: Cars Line Up for Miles at Food Banks,” The New York Times, April 8, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Sheehey, Maeve. “Almost 30 Million in U.S. Didn’t Have Enough to Eat Last Week,” Bloomberg, July 30, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

2018 Crime in the United States,

CHAPTER XI. Elites Use Race to Divide and Distract Us

Fryer, Jr., Roland G. "An Empirical Analysis of Racial Dfferences in Police Use of Force." July 2017, The Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 127, No. 3, (Accessed September 28, 2020).


Cox, Amanda. “Roland Fryer Answers Reader Questions About His Police Force Study,” The New York Times, July 12, 2016 September 27, 2020).

​Weissmann, Jordan. “A Big New Study Says Police Officers Are No More Likely to Shoot Black Suspects. Should You Believe It?” Slate, July 11, 2016, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

​Jacobs, Tom. “Black Cops are Just as Likely as White Cops to Kill Black Suspects,” Pacific Standard, August 9, 2018, September 27, 2020).

Menifield, Charles E., Shin, Geiguen., and Strother, Logan. “Do White Law Enforcement Officers Target Minority Suspects?” Public Administration Review  (PAR), June 19, 2018, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Fachner, George. and Carter, Steven. “Collaborative Reform Initiative; An Assessment of Deadly Force in the Philadelphia Police,” CAN Corporation. The U.S. Department of Justice, 2015, (Accessed September 27, 2020).


​Tate, Julie; Jenkins, Jennifer; and Rich, Steven. “999 People Have Been Shot and Killed by Police in the Past Year,” The Washington Post, September 28, 2020,  (Accessed September 28, 2020).

Reed, Adolph. “How Racial Disparity Does Not Help Make Sense of Patterns of Police Violence,”, June 9, 2020, (Accessed September 27, 2020).

Jilani, Zaid. “95% of Police Killings in 2015 Occurred in Neighborhoods with Incomes Under $100,000,” AlterNet, July 8, 2015 (Accessed September 28, 2020).


Harrell Ph.D, Erika; Langton, Ph.D., Lynn, Bureau of Justice Statistics; Berzofsky, DrPH, Marcus; Couzens, Lance; Smiley-McDonald, Ph.D., Hope, RTI International, “Household Poverty and Nonfatal Violent Victimization, 2008-2012,” U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, November 18, 2014, (Accessed September 28, 2020).

Wikipedia, Divide and Rule. Available at (Accessed September 28, 2020).

Dr. Xypolia, Ilia. “Divide et Impera: Vertical and Horizontal Dimensions of British Imperialism,” Department of Politics and IR, University of Aberdeen, U.K., (Accessed September 28, 2020).

Ault, Alicia. “A Territorial Land Grab that Pushed Native Americans to the Breaking Point,” Smithsonian Magazine, October 9, 2017, (Accessed September 28, 2020).

Miloy, Courtland. "How American oligarchs created the concept of race to divide and conquer the poor." The Washington Post, April 19, 2016, (Accessed September 28, 2020).

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